Executive Summary – Organic Agriculture in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’agriculture biologique au Canada) In 2017, organic agriculture in Canada was a C$5.4 billion market. This model of agriculture emerged out of a collection of schools of thought and agrarian movements that opposed the industrialization of agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In Canada, organic agriculture appeared in the 1950s, but it was not…

Rebuilding Better: Calls for a Green, Inclusive, Sustainable Economic Recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic

14 September 2020, 8:55 a.m. (Disponible en français : Reconstruire en mieux : appels en faveur d’une relance économique verte, inclusive et durable après la pandémie de COVID‑19) Since the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been numerous calls from international institutions, civil society, researchers and the private sector for countries to avoid…

Executive Summary – Climate Change: Impact and Policy Implications

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les changements climatiques : Leurs répercussions et leur incidence sur les politiques) Unprecedented global warming has been observed in recent decades. Around the world, mean air and water temperatures have increased, amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea levels have risen. Canada is no exception: our mean…

Pesticide Registration in Canada

(Disponible en français : L’homologation des pesticides au Canada) Pesticides – or pest control products – are substances used to control living organisms that are considered harmful. For this reason, these substances can sometimes pose health and environmental risks. In Canada, pesticide use is subject to a registration process to mitigate those risks. How are…

A Human Rights Approach to Climate Change: What Is the State of the Law in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Les changements climatiques du point de vue des droits de la personne : que dit le droit canadien?) Human rights-based cases challenging governments for insufficient action on climate change are on the rise worldwide. More than 20 cases spanning six continents are being argued in domestic courts and regional tribunals. Many have…

Joint Action to Reduce Methane Emissions: Canada and the United States

(Disponible en français : Mesure conjointe pour la réduction des émissions de méthane : Le Canada et les États‑Unis) Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a well-known greenhouse gas. However, according to Environment and Climate Change Canada, methane’s impact as a warming agent is estimated to be 86 times greater over a 20-year period and 34 times…

Canada’s Seal Harvest

(Disponible en français : La chasse au phoque au Canada) In Canada, the seal harvest is managed by the federal government as a fishery and not, as is commonly believed, by provincial/territorial governments as a hunting activity. The Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard is granted this authority through legislation, including the…

Update – Climate Change: Implications for Canadian Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture

(Disponible en français : Mise à jour – Changements climatiques : impacts sur les pêches et l’aquaculture canadiennes en mer) Climate change is increasingly challenging the sustainability of Canada’s $4.2-billion marine fisheries and aquaculture, two industries of particular economic and social importance to communities on all three coasts. The challenges of dealing with climate change are…