Biannual Update on The Canadian Economy: Third and Fourth Quarters of 2019

This publication was prepared as part of the Library of Parliament’s research publications program, which includes a set of publications, introduced in March 2020, addressing the COVID-19 pandemic. Please note that, because of the pandemic, all Library of Parliament publications will be released as time and resources permit. (Disponible en français : Bilan semestriel de…

Executive Summary – How Do Digital Multinationals Legally Avoid Tax in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Comment les multinationales du numérique échappent-elles légalement à l’impôt au Canada?) According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), multinational enterprises are using increasingly aggressive practices to reduce the amount of tax they have to pay, and some of them are creating off-shore subsidiaries or shell companies.…

Executive Summary – Overview of Canada’s Long-term Infrastructure Plan

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Aperçu du plan d’infrastructure à long terme du Canada) Through the Investing in Canada plan, the Government of Canada has committed to providing more than $187 billion in infrastructure funding over 12 years, including through bilateral agreements with the provinces and territories. Infrastructure Canada is the government agency responsible for coordinating…

The State of Financial Literacy in Canada: How Much Do We Know?

(Disponible en français : État de la littératie financière au Canada : que savons-nous exactement?) Financial literacy includes the knowledge, skills and confidence people need to make informed choices about money. It enables Canadians to monitor and improve their personal finances. By exercising good financial practices, such as setting aside money for retirement, Canadians also…

What Does Budget 2019 Tell Us about Projected Federal Revenues, Expenditures, Budgetary Balance and Debt?

(Disponible en français : Que nous apprend le budget fédéral de 2019 sur les projections relatives aux recettes, aux dépenses, au solde budgétaire et à l’endettement?) One of Parliament’s fundamental roles is to review and approve the government’s spending and taxation proposals. This HillNote analyzes the projected federal revenues, expenditures, budgetary balance and debt presented…

Efforts to Combat Snow Washing: Canada Moves Towards a Beneficial Ownership Registry

(Disponible en français : Lutte au blanchiment à la neige : les premiers pas du Canada vers un registre des bénéficiaires effectifs) Beneficial Ownership and Money Laundering When a criminal activity generates substantial profits, the individual or group involved inevitably attempts to control those funds in a manner that avoids the attention of authorities. This activity…

Issues and Concerns Related to Digital Currencies

(Disponible en français : Enjeux et préoccupations liés aux monnaies numériques) This HillNote is the second of three on the topic of digital currencies. Part 1 of the series dealt with the taxation and regulation of digital currencies and part 3 will discuss blockchain technology and its various applications. A.      The Hype Recent media…