What Does Budget 2018 Tell Us about Projected Federal Revenues, Expenditures, Budgetary Balance and Debt?

(Disponible en français : Que nous apprend le budget fédéral de 2018 sur les projections relatives aux recettes, aux dépenses, au solde budgétaire et à l’endettement?) One of Parliament’s fundamental roles is to review and approve the government’s spending and taxation proposals. This HillNote analyzes the projected federal revenues, expenditures, budgetary balance and debt presented in Budget…

Aligning the Budget and the Main Estimates — Recent Changes to the Parliamentary Financial Cycle

(Disponible en français : Assurer la cohésion entre le budget et le budget principal des dépenses — Changements récents apportés au cycle financier parlementaire)  The Government of Canada outlines its spending and tax priorities to Parliament and Canadians in its annual budget, and presents its spending plans for parliamentary approval in estimates documents. In the past,…

Tax-Free Savings Account

Consumption Taxes in Canada: Revenue, Rates and Rationale

(Disponible en français : Les taxes à la consommation au Canada : recettes, taux et justification) Governments can finance the goods and services provided to citizens through various means, including through taxing, investing and borrowing. The first – taxation – can take several forms. In Canada, federally funded or federally sponsored initiatives are mainly financed by…

The Federal Budget and the Estimates: How They Compare

(Disponible en français : Le budget fédéral et le budget des dépenses : ce qui les distingue) In Canada’s parliamentary system, the federal government must obtain Parliament’s approval to change taxes and to spend funds. The government presents its intentions to Parliament in the estimates and in the federal budget, which the Finance Minister delivers…

Tax-Free Savings Account

Personal Income Taxes in Canada: Revenue, Rates and Rationale

(Disponible en français : L’impôt des particuliers au Canada : recettes, taux et justification) Governments can finance the goods and services provided to citizens through various means, including through taxing, investing and borrowing. The first – taxation – can take several forms. In Canada, federally funded or federally sponsored initiatives can be financed by personal…

Parliament and Monetary Policy in Canada

Mathieu Frigon and Michaël Lambert-Racine Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division Monetary policy is one of the two key components of the Government of Canada’s economic policy, the other being fiscal policy. Fiscal policy includes measures by the government to raise revenue (taxation, user fees, etc.) and spend funds (transfers, programs, etc.), whereas monetary policy…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

The Parliamentary Financial Cycle: An Introduction

Alex Smith Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division One of Parliament’s fundamental roles is to review and approve the federal government’s taxation and spending plans. While budget-setting is an executive function, the government cannot change taxation rates, impose new taxes or spend public funds without Parliament’s approval. This document provides an introduction to the parliamentary…