Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

The Parliamentary Financial Cycle: An Introduction

(Disponible en français : Introduction au cycle financier parlementaire) One of Parliament’s fundamental roles is to review and approve the federal government’s taxation and spending plans. While budget-setting is an executive function, the government cannot change taxation rates, impose new taxes or spend public funds without Parliament’s approval. This document provides an introduction to the…

Supreme Court of Canada Building

Mandatory Minimum Sentences and Section 12 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

(Disponible en français : Les peines minimales obligatoires et l’article 12 de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés) On 14 April 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decision in R. v. Nur, a case that challenged the constitutionality of mandatory minimum sentences for the possession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with…

Scottish Parliament

The Scottish Independence Referendum

(Disponible en français: Le référendum sur l’indépendance de l’Écosse) More than 4 million people in Scotland – including teenagers aged 16 and 17 – are eligible to head to the polls on 18 September for a “once-in-a-generation opportunity” to decide whether Scotland will remain part of the United Kingdom (U.K.). They will vote “yes” or…