Human Rights in Emergency Situations

1 April 2020, 2 p.m. (Disponible en français : Le respect des droits de la personne dans les situations d’urgence) In addition to obligations during peacetime, States have duties to respect and ensure human rights during wartime and national emergencies. In situations that represent a severe threat to a nation, however, the International Covenant on Civil…

Consent for Organ Donation in Canada

(Disponible en français : Consentement pour le don d’organes au Canada) Every week, five Canadians die waiting for an organ transplant. Deceased donors are an important source of organs for transplantation since each donor can provide up to eight organs. Between 2006 and 2015, the Canadian Institute for Health Information reported a 28% increase in…

Resistance to Antibiotics: A Global Threat to Public Health

(Disponible en français: La résistance aux antibiotiques : une menace pour la santé publique de portée mondiale) Halting the spread of resistance to antibiotics is becoming one of the major global health challenges of the 21st Century. The most recent warning came in May 2016, when the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, commissioned by the UK…

Word cloud of policy debates taking place in Parliament. Copyright: Library of Parliament.

The Regulation of Marijuana under Canadian Law

(Disponible en français : La réglementation de la marijuana selon la loi canadienne) Marijuana, otherwise known as cannabis, has been legally prohibited in Canada since 1923. The 2002 report of the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs noted that there was little debate surrounding this addition to the criminal law at the time; as such,…

Gergana Krumova, a laboratory technician in a microbiological laboratory at the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, works to isolate Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria strain in Sofia June 9, 2011. The European Union on Wednesday upped compensation to 210 million euros from 150 million for farmers hit by plummeting sales, after Germany first blamed cucumbers from Spain and other salad vegetables, and then German bean sprouts. Bulgaria has not registered cases of infections from the strain of Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria that has killed 27 people in Europe. REUTERS/Stoyan Nenov (BULGARIA - Tags: AGRICULTURE HEALTH SOCIETY SCI TECH)

Patented Drug Pricing in Canada

(Disponible en français : Le prix des médicaments brevetés au Canada) Drug pricing in Canada is an area of shared jurisdiction among federal, provincial and territorial governments. The price of every patented drug, both prescription and non-prescription, sold in Canada is regulated federally through the Patented Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB). The PMPRB was established…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

Federal Health Care Funding in the Current Economic Context

(Disponible en français : Le financement fédéral des soins de santé dans le contexte économique actuel) Provincial and territorial health care systems in Canada are facing common challenges. The population is aging; chronic non-communicable diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent; and demand is rising for new, and often costly, health technologies. This situation has been exacerbated…

Part II: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: Assessment of Potential Technologies

(Disponible en français : Partie II : La sécurité internationale de l’approvisionnement en isotopes médicaux : Évaluation des technologies potentielles) (This is the second in a series of two HillNotes on The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply. Part one explores progress in Canada and abroad.) The main technology options available to produce molybdenum-99 (99Mo)…

Part I: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: A Work in Progress

(Disponible en français : Partie I : La sécurité internationale de l’approvisionnement en isotopes médicaux : Un travail de longue haleine) (This is the first in a series of two HillNotes on The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply. Part two provides an assessment of potential technologies.) The global supply of medical isotopes remains uncertain, despite…

Organ Donation in Canada

(Disponible en français : Le don d’organes au Canada) Every year, the number of Canadians awaiting organ transplantation surgery surpasses the number of organs available for transplant. On average, 225 patients die each year while awaiting a transplant. In Canada, the third week in April – this year, 19–25 April – is National Organ and…