Executive Summary – Sanctions: The Canadian and International Architecture

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Sanctions : l’architecture canadienne et internationale) Sanctions are measures implemented by governments to restrict or prohibit certain types of interactions with a foreign state, individual or entity. Governments impose sanctions in pursuit of foreign policy objectives, most often in response to breaches of international peace and security, but also…

Iraq Within a Regional Struggle for Power

(Disponible en français : L’Iraq au cœur d’une lutte régionale pour le pouvoir) This HillNote examines Iraq’s situation from a regional vantage point, and is a companion to Iraq after ISIS and Canada’s Military Role in Iraq. While global attention began to drift away from Iraq following the territorial defeat of ISIS, the country is…

Canada’s Military Role in Iraq

(Disponible en français : Le rôle militaire du Canada en Iraq) Source: Canadian Forces Combat Camera On 11 July 2018, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that the Canadian Armed Forces would be assuming the leadership of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) training mission in Iraq. As part of Operation IMPACT, the mission is intended…

Iraq after ISIS

(Disponible en français : L’Iraq après l’État islamique) In December 2017, Iraq’s government declared that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS/Islamic State/Da’esh) had been defeated within Iraq. At its height in 2014–2015, the so-called caliphate covered one third of the country’s territory. Even in the midst of the military campaign to defeat…

Canada and NATO – 70 Years of Involvement

(Disponible en français : Le Canada et l’OTAN – 70 ans de participation) On 30 April 1949, the Government of Canada ratified the North Atlantic Treaty, becoming one of the 12 founding members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). A political, military and economic alliance, NATO has been a central pillar of Canada’s international security policy…