Executive Summary – Sanctions: The Canadian and International Architecture

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Sanctions : l’architecture canadienne et internationale) Sanctions are measures implemented by governments to restrict or prohibit certain types of interactions with a foreign state, individual or entity. Governments impose sanctions in pursuit of foreign policy objectives, most often in response to breaches of international peace and security, but also…

New Rights for Canada’s Air Passengers

(Disponible en français : Nouveaux droits des passagers aériens au Canada) There have been many media reports in recent years about the plight of Canadian airline passengers being denied boarding, having their flights delayed or cancelled, or having to wait hours on the airport tarmac before takeoff. These reports suggest that passengers are often unsure…

Executive Summary – The Distribution of Legislative Powers: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Le partage des compétences législatives : un aperçu) The distribution of legislative powers among the various levels of government is a key feature of federalism. To guide this distribution, the Constitution Act, 1867 divides legislative powers between the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures. Most of these powers…

Executive Summary – Assisted Dying in Canada After Carter v. Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’aide médicale à mourir au Canada après l’arrêt Carter c. Canada) In February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) (the Carter decision), an important decision about the law on assisted dying. The law had been unsuccessfully challenged twenty years earlier at the Supreme Court in Rodriguez v. British…

Executive Summary – Medical Assistance in Dying: The Law in Selected Jurisdictions Outside Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Aide médicale à mourir : la législation dans certains États à l’extérieur du Canada) Over the last decades, movements have arisen in several jurisdictions around the world to legalize medical assistance in dying. Until recently, only a few jurisdictions permitted medical assistance in dying, including Oregon, Washington State, Vermont, the Benelux…

Renewed International Solidarity: The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

(Disponible en français : Une nouvelle solidarité internationale : la Déclaration de New York pour les réfugiés et les migrants) The United Nations (UN) reports that, between 2000 and 2017, the total number of people moving internationally and living in a country other than their country of birth rose from 173 to 258 million, a 49%…

A Human Rights Approach to Climate Change: What Is the State of the Law in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Les changements climatiques du point de vue des droits de la personne : que dit le droit canadien?) Human rights-based cases challenging governments for insufficient action on climate change are on the rise worldwide. More than 20 cases spanning six continents are being argued in domestic courts and regional tribunals. Many have…

Update — Federal Legislation affecting People with Disabilities: Where We Are Today

(Disponible en français : Mise à jour — Législation fédérale concernant les personnes handicapées : la situation actuelle) A Move towards a Canadians with Disabilities Act The idea of overarching federal accessibility legislation has garnered attention for decades. Many voices, including a parliamentary committee, a federal task force, and advocates have called for legislative action to…