Executive Summary – Services for Indigenous People Living in Urban Areas

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Services destinés aux autochtones vivant en milieu urbain) Over the past 70 years, growing numbers of Indigenous people in Canada have moved to urban centres. Today, more than half of the Indigenous population live in urban areas. Indigenous people may move permanently or temporarily to the city to access…

Executive Summary – Defining and Enumerating Homelessness in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’itinérance au Canada : définitions et recensements) In 2019, the Government of Canada implemented Reaching Home: Canada’s Homelessness Strategy, which replaced the Homelessness Partnering Strategy. A key goal of Reaching Home is to increase government and community understanding of homelessness by ensuring that communities have the information and tools…

Inequities in COVID-19 Health Outcomes: The Need for Race- and Ethnicity-Based Data

8 December 2020, 8:50 a.m. (Disponible en français : Inégalités des répercussions en santé de la COVID‑19 : besoin de données sur la race et l’ethnie) For Indigenous peoples, Black Canadians and other racialized groups, race and racism are important social determinants of health. Social determinants of health may contribute to negative health outcomes or…

Executive Summary – Canadian Citizenship: Practice and Policy

(Disponible en français : Résumé – La citoyenneté canadienne : pratiques et politiques) Canadian citizenship can be obtained through birth on Canadian soil, by descent through birth or adoption outside of Canada to a Canadian citizen, or through naturalization (the process by which citizenship is obtained by a foreign national). Requirements related to citizenship are…

Canada’s Federal Anti-Racism Strategy: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Aperçu de la stratégie fédérale canadienne de lutte contre le racisme) In many countries around the globe, including Canada, recent movements to recognize and address racial injustices and discrimination have led to increased examination of government efforts to combat racism. This HillNote provides an overview of the federal government’s anti-racism strategy…

The Status of Gender Equality in Canada: Reflecting on the 25th Anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

(Disponible en français : La situation de la progression de l’égalité des genres au Canada : le 25e anniversaire de la Déclaration et Programme d’action de Beijing) September 2020 marks the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (Declaration), an “agenda for women’s empowerment [aimed] … at removing all…

Executive Summary – Food Insecurity in Northern Canada: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’insécurité alimentaire dans le Nord canadien : aperçu) Food insecurity is generally defined as a situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food. In 2017–2018, 12.7% of Canadian households were food insecure, representing at least 4.4 million individuals. Food insecurity is disproportionately…

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Rights of Persons with Disabilities

2 July 2020, 11:45 a.m. (Disponible en français : La pandémie de COVID-19 et les droits des personnes handicapées) The COVID-19 pandemic presents multiple risks to the rights and wellbeing of persons with disabilities. Approximately 6.2 million Canadians over the age of 15 live with one or more disabilities. Although definitions vary, the Accessible Canada…