150 Years of Legislative Bilingualism in Canada: Past and Present

(Disponible en français : 150 ans de bilinguisme législatif au Canada : d’hier à aujourd’hui) This HillNote provides an historic and contemporary look at the evolution of legislative bilingualism in the Canadian parliamentary context. The genesis of a political compromise On the eve of Canadian Confederation Prior to Confederation, there were demands for laws and…

Word cloud of policy debates taking place in Parliament. Copyright: Library of Parliament.

The Regulation of Marijuana under Canadian Law

Marijuana, otherwise known as cannabis, has been legally prohibited in Canada since 1923. The 2002 report of the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs noted that there was little debate surrounding this addition to the criminal law at the time; as such, the precise motivation for doing so remains unclear. Today, the prohibition of cannabis…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

Bill C-59: Implementing the April 2015 Budget

Andre Barnes Legal and Social Affairs Division When the finance minister delivers the government’s budget in the House of Commons, a complex approval process is just beginning. Budget measures do not take effect until Parliament adopts the necessary legislation. Numerous measures contained in the most recent budget are implemented by Bill C-59, An Act to implement certain…

Supreme Court of Canada Building

Canada’s Anti–Money Laundering and Anti–Terrorist Financing Regime: The Legal Profession’s Obligations

Adriane Yong Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division On 13 February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that certain provisions of the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act that impose obligations on lawyers violate the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The decision, in Canada (Attorney General) v. Federation of Law…

Supreme Court of Canada Building

The Supreme Court Decision on Assisted Suicide

Martha Butler Legal and Social Affairs Division On 6 February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decision on a constitutional challenge of the prohibition in the Criminal Code against assisted suicide. The Court held unanimously in Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) that the prohibition violates the rights under section 7 of the Canadian…