The United Nations at 75: “Imperfect but indispensable”?

(Disponible en français : Les Nations Unies, 75 ans plus tard : « imparfaites, mais indispensables »?) At a 21 September 2020 high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the United Nations’ (UN’s) member states adopted a declaration commemorating the organization’s 75th anniversary. The declaration noted that no other global organization has the…

COVID-19 and Humanitarian Crises

26 August 2020, 10:30 a.m. (Disponible en français : La COVID-19 et les crises humanitaires) At the beginning of 2020, millions of people around the world were already in a state of significant vulnerability as a result of armed conflicts, disasters and state failure. This HillNote discusses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on humanitarian…

LGBTQ2* Refugees in Canada

(Disponible en français : Les réfugiés LGBTQ2* au Canada) *This note uses the preferred Canadian acronym LGBTQ2 (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and two-spirited) to refer to individuals and organizations in domestic contexts, and the preferred international acronym LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) for those in international contexts. This publication summarizes human rights…

COVID-19 and the Federal Correctional System

Revised on 26 June 2020, 8:20 a.m. Any substantive changes in this HillNote that have been made since the preceding issue are indicated in bold print. (Disponible en français : La COVID 19 et le système correctionnel fédéral) Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, federal penitentiaries across the country have reported infections, with institutions experiencing…

International Institutions, Cooperation and the COVID-19 Pandemic

1 May 2020, 10:20 a.m. (Disponible en français : Les organismes internationaux, la coopération et la pandémie de COVID‑19) The COVID-19 pandemic has mobilized international institutions established by sovereign states to facilitate cooperation in the face of a global crisis or concern. The advantages of such engagement include pooling capabilities and knowledge, multiplying efforts, dispersing…

COVID-19 and the Federal Correctional System

Note: This publication was updated in June, 2020: COVID-19 and the Federal Correctional System 7 April 2020, 9:05 a.m. (Disponible en français : La COVID-19 et le système correctionnel fédéral) In recent weeks, Correctional Service Canada (CSC) reported cases of COVID-19 in some of Canada’s federal penitentiaries. Both federally sentenced persons and guards have been…

Executive Summary – Sanctions: The Canadian and International Architecture

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Sanctions : l’architecture canadienne et internationale) Sanctions are measures implemented by governments to restrict or prohibit certain types of interactions with a foreign state, individual or entity. Governments impose sanctions in pursuit of foreign policy objectives, most often in response to breaches of international peace and security, but also…

Iraq after ISIS

(Disponible en français : L’Iraq après l’État islamique) In December 2017, Iraq’s government declared that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS/Islamic State/Da’esh) had been defeated within Iraq. At its height in 2014–2015, the so-called caliphate covered one third of the country’s territory. Even in the midst of the military campaign to defeat…