Executive Summary – Organic Agriculture in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’agriculture biologique au Canada) In 2017, organic agriculture in Canada was a C$5.4 billion market. This model of agriculture emerged out of a collection of schools of thought and agrarian movements that opposed the industrialization of agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In Canada, organic agriculture appeared in the 1950s, but it was not…

Executive Summary – Food Insecurity in Northern Canada: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’insécurité alimentaire dans le Nord canadien : aperçu) Food insecurity is generally defined as a situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food. In 2017–2018, 12.7% of Canadian households were food insecure, representing at least 4.4 million individuals. Food insecurity is disproportionately…

Executive Summary – Language Regimes in the Provinces and Territories

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Régimes linguistiques dans les provinces et les territoires) In Canada, language is an area of shared jurisdiction between the various levels of government. Although the federal government has established its own support measures, it relies on the provinces and territories to help ensure the nationwide recognition of both official languages.…

Executive Summary – Official Languages in the Federal Public Service

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les langues officielles dans la fonction publique fédérale) The purpose of the Official Languages Act (OLA) is to ensure respect for English and French as the official languages of Canada. Pursuant to the OLA and to regulations and current policies, federal institutions are guided by certain fundamental principles that help them ensure the equality of status and use of these two languages in their internal operations, among their employees and in their interactions with the public. The OLA sets out…

Executive Summary – The Federal Lobbying System: The Lobbying Act and the Lobbyists’ Code of Conduct

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Le système de lobbying à l’échelle fédérale : La Loi sur le lobbying et le Code de déontologie des lobbyistes) The preamble to the Lobbying Act states that free and open access to government is an important matter of public interest, that lobbying public office holders is a legitimate activity, that it…