Executive Summary – The Sentencing of Indigenous Offenders in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – La détermination de la peine pour les délinquants autochtones au Canada) Indigenous people are incarcerated at a much higher rate than non-Indigenous individuals in Canada, and the gap between the incarceration rates for these two groups continues to grow. The problem of the overincarceration of Indigenous people has been…

Executive Summary – Food Insecurity in Northern Canada: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’insécurité alimentaire dans le Nord canadien : aperçu) Food insecurity is generally defined as a situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food. In 2017–2018, 12.7% of Canadian households were food insecure, representing at least 4.4 million individuals. Food insecurity is disproportionately…

Executive Summary – Language Regimes in the Provinces and Territories

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Régimes linguistiques dans les provinces et les territoires) In Canada, language is an area of shared jurisdiction between the various levels of government. Although the federal government has established its own support measures, it relies on the provinces and territories to help ensure the nationwide recognition of both official languages.…

Executive Summary – Official Languages in the Federal Public Service

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les langues officielles dans la fonction publique fédérale) The purpose of the Official Languages Act (OLA) is to ensure respect for English and French as the official languages of Canada. Pursuant to the OLA and to regulations and current policies, federal institutions are guided by certain fundamental principles that help them ensure the equality of status and use of these two languages in their internal operations, among their employees and in their interactions with the public. The OLA sets out…

Executive Summary – The Federal Lobbying System: The Lobbying Act and the Lobbyists’ Code of Conduct

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Le système de lobbying à l’échelle fédérale : La Loi sur le lobbying et le Code de déontologie des lobbyistes) The preamble to the Lobbying Act states that free and open access to government is an important matter of public interest, that lobbying public office holders is a legitimate activity, that it…

Executive Summary – Organ Donation and Transplantation in Canada: Statistics, Trends and International Comparisons

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Don et greffe d’organes au Canada : Statistiques, tendances et comparaisons internationales) Efforts to improve Canada’s organ donation and transplantation system have increased over the last 20 years. However, despite a significant increase in the number of organ transplants conducted in Canada between 2009 and 2018, the supply of organs…