Executive summary

Executive Summary – Distribution of Federal Revenues and Expenditures by Province, 2011–2020: A Snapshot at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Reading Time: < 1 minute Disponible en français. The federal government collects revenues and makes expenditures in all provinces. Per capita federal revenues and spending vary from province to province, depending on the economic and demographic conditions in each province. Sources of federal revenues include personal… Read More ›

Executive Summary – Language Regimes In the Provinces and Territories

Reading Time: 2 minutes Disponible en français. In Canada, language is an area of shared jurisdiction between the various levels of government. Although the federal government has established its own support measures, it relies on the provinces and territories to help ensure the nationwide recognition of both official languages – English and French. This HillStudy provides an overview of the language regimes established… Read More ›