Biannual Update on The Canadian Economy: Third and Fourth Quarters of 2019

(Disponible en français : Bilan semestriel de l’économie canadienne : les troisième et quatrième trimestres de 2019) This HillNote presents selected indicators in relation to the Canadian economy, and highlights key trends covering the third and fourth quarters of 2019. Over that period, Canadian real gross domestic product (GDP) continued to grow, but at a lower rate…

Human Rights in Emergency Situations

1 April 2020, 2 p.m. (Disponible en français : Le respect des droits de la personne dans les situations d’urgence) In addition to obligations during peacetime, States have duties to respect and ensure human rights during wartime and national emergencies. In situations that represent a severe threat to a nation, however, the International Covenant on Civil…

Income Supports and Labour Protections Available to Federally Regulated Employees During the COVID-19 Pandemic

30 March 2020, 11:55 a.m. (Disponible en français : Mesures de soutien du revenu et de protection de la main-d’œuvre pour les employés des secteurs sous réglementation fédérale pendant la pandémie de la COVID-19) Some 900,000 employees work in Canada’s 18,000 federally regulated workplaces. These include banks, transportation industries, the broadcasting industry, and most federal…

Federal Authorities During Public Health Emergencies

23 March 2020, 3:20 p.m. (Disponible en français : Les pouvoirs du gouvernement fédéral en cas d’urgence de santé publique) Constitutional Framework Section 91 of the Constitution Act, 1867 sets out areas of jurisdiction exclusive to Parliament under which it may legislate in the event of public health emergencies. Among Parliament’s exclusive powers are those…

Taming State Surveillance: Reconciling Camera Surveillance Technology with Human Rights Obligations

(Disponible en français : Encadrer la surveillance exercée par les États : Concilier l’utilisation des technologies de vidéosurveillance avec les obligations en matière de respect des droits de la personne) Centralized state camera surveillance is but one component of a burgeoning practice of personal data collection paired with artificial intelligence (AI). Camera surveillance is not…

Executive Summary – How Do Digital Multinationals Legally Avoid Tax in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Comment les multinationales du numérique échappent-elles légalement à l’impôt au Canada?) According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), multinational enterprises are using increasingly aggressive practices to reduce the amount of tax they have to pay, and some of them are creating off-shore subsidiaries or shell companies.…

Executive Summary – Sanctions: The Canadian and International Architecture

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Sanctions : l’architecture canadienne et internationale) Sanctions are measures implemented by governments to restrict or prohibit certain types of interactions with a foreign state, individual or entity. Governments impose sanctions in pursuit of foreign policy objectives, most often in response to breaches of international peace and security, but also…

Executive Summary – Overview of Canada’s Long-term Infrastructure Plan

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Aperçu du plan d’infrastructure à long terme du Canada) Through the Investing in Canada plan, the Government of Canada has committed to providing more than $187 billion in infrastructure funding over 12 years, including through bilateral agreements with the provinces and territories. Infrastructure Canada is the government agency responsible for coordinating…