Executive Summary – Defining and Enumerating Homelessness in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’itinérance au Canada : définitions et recensements) In 2019, the Government of Canada implemented Reaching Home: Canada’s Homelessness Strategy, which replaced the Homelessness Partnering Strategy. A key goal of Reaching Home is to increase government and community understanding of homelessness by ensuring that communities have the information and tools…

Executive Summary – Official Languages in the Federal Public Service

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les langues officielles dans la fonction publique fédérale) The purpose of the Official Languages Act (OLA) is to ensure respect for English and French as the official languages of Canada. Pursuant to the OLA and to regulations and current policies, federal institutions are guided by certain fundamental principles that help them…

COVID-19 and Selected Artificial Intelligence Research and Applications

(Disponible en français : La COVID-19 et certains services et applications d’intelligence artificielle) Given their capacity to tackle problems by combing vast stores of data using considerable computational power, Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications are valuable tools in the fight against COVID-19. The term “artificial intelligence” refers to replicating human cognitive and predictive abilities by artificial…

The Rise and Fall of Arms Control?

(Disponible en français : Contrôle des armements : après l’essor, le déclin?) In the late 1980s and early 1990s, superpower tensions began to fade. As a result, it became possible to negotiate complex agreements on conventional arms and weapons of mass destruction. However, as the geopolitical context evolves, assessments can change, and momentum can be…

Corruption: Defining, Measuring and Addressing

(Disponible en français : La corruption : la définir, la mesurer et y faire échec) International Anti-Corruption Day occurs on 9 December annually, bringing awareness to the global issue of corruption. Because government spending related to the COVID-19 pandemic may provide opportunities for corruption to occur, the theme for 2020 is “Recover with Integrity.” The…

Inequities in COVID-19 Health Outcomes: The Need for Race- and Ethnicity-Based Data

8 December 2020, 8:50 a.m. (Disponible en français : Inégalités des répercussions en santé de la COVID‑19 : besoin de données sur la race et l’ethnie) For Indigenous peoples, Black Canadians and other racialized groups, race and racism are important social determinants of health. Social determinants of health may contribute to negative health outcomes or…

Executive Summary – Canadian Citizenship: Practice and Policy

(Disponible en français : Résumé – La citoyenneté canadienne : pratiques et politiques) Canadian citizenship can be obtained through birth on Canadian soil, by descent through birth or adoption outside of Canada to a Canadian citizen, or through naturalization (the process by which citizenship is obtained by a foreign national). Requirements related to citizenship are…

Understanding Precarious Work in Canada

(Disponible en français : Le travail précaire au Canada) The world of work is constantly changing. Full-time positions with job security that were commonplace in previous generations are being replaced by precarious arrangements that have no benefits, fewer protections and lower pay. There is no universally accepted definition for precarious work, since precarious work is…

Executive Summary – Distribution of Federal Revenues and Expenditures by Province

(Disponible en français : Résumé – La répartition des revenus et des dépenses du gouvernement fédéral par province) The federal government collects revenues and makes expenditures in all provinces. Per capita federal revenues and spending vary from province to province, depending on the economic and demographic conditions in each province. Sources of federal revenues include personal…