Visuals: Health and safety

Disponible en français.

Visuals by type:


Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Refugees

This figure represents three elements that converge to foster mental health resilience: individual well-being, socio-economic connection, and rights and values.

Elements that Promote Mental Health Resilience

This infographic represents the different risk factors for poor mental health among adult and children refugees at three different stages: pre-migration, migration and post-migration. During pre-migration for adult refugees, risk factors include status in the country of origin, trauma, disruption of social roles and network, and political involvement. During migration, the four factors are uncertainty about migration outcome, disruption of family and community networks, harsh living conditions (e.g., in refugee camps), and route and duration. During post-migration, factors are uncertainty about refugee status, loss of social status, under- or unemployment, concern about family left behind and possibility of reunification, and difficulties learning language, acculturating and adapting. During pre-migration for child refugee children, risk factors include disruption of education, age and development stage, and separation from extended family and peer networks. During migration, the factors include separation from caregiver, harsh living conditions (e.g., in refugee camps), uncertainty about future, exposure to violence and poor nutrition. During post-migration, factors include challenges acculturating, difficulties learning in new language, stresses related to family’s adaptation, and discrimination and social exclusion.

Read the HillNote: Mental Health Needs of Refugees in Canada (2022)


Menstruation and its costs in Canada

This infographic illustrates the impacts of menstruation on Canadians who menstruate. Menstruation is a regular part of life for millions of Canadians, typically beginning between the ages of ten to fourteen years and ending at menopause around fifty years of age. Menstruators spend, on average, six years menstruating over the course of their lifetime. Menstruators use a median of thirteen menstrual products per cycle or around one hundred and sixty-nine disposable menstrual products per year. Canadians who menstruate spend up to six thousand dollars in their lifetimes on menstrual products. Canadians who live in more remote and northern communities can expect to pay twice as much for menstrual products as other Canadians. Reusable products, such as menstrual cups, cost less than disposable products over the lifetime of the products, and produce less waste.

Read the HillNote: Improving Access to Menstrual Products in Canada (2021)


Violence against politicians

Violence against politicians is on the rise globally and has four main forms: psychological, sexual, physical and economic. Perpetrators of violence against politicians include individuals, coordinated groups and the state. Social media is an important tool for politicians because it is low cost, instant and interactive. Online violence is unique because it is relentless, anonymous and easy to access. Its impact is also unique because of its digital permanence and potential for large audiences. Politicians who are members of certain groups, including women, racialized communities, Indigenous peoples, ethnic and religious minority populations, and LGBTQ2+ people are disproportionately targeted and affected by violence, with an intent to restrict the participation of diverse voices in politics. An intersectional analysis demonstrates that politicians who are members of more than one underrepresented group are at even greater risk for violence than other politicians.

Read the HillNote: Violence Against Politicians in Canada and Internationally (2022)


The Mental Health of Canadian Farmers: An Overview

The infographic gives an overview of the mental health of Canadian farmers and certain factors that have an impact on their mental health. 57% of Canadian farmers surveyed had possible cases of anxiety. High levels of perceived stress affect 45% of farmers and 20.4% of the general population. Possible cases of depression affect 34% of farmers. 83.9% of farm operators live in rural areas. In rural areas, there is one psychologist for every 28,500 people compared to one psychologist for every 3,848 people in urban areas. 53.4% of rural households have access to high broadband Internet speeds compared to 89.5% of households for Canada as a whole.

Read the HillNote: The Mental Health of Canadian Farmers (2022)


Pandemic Influenza Phases described by the World Health Organization

This infographic shows the four pandemic influenza phases used by the World Health Organization. First is the interpandemic phase, when there is no virus circulating that infects humans but surveillance is ongoing. Second is the alert phase, when a virus has been detected and extra vigilance is necessary. Third is the pandemic phase, when there is global spread of human infectious disease requiring pandemic response measures. Fourth is the transition phase, as infection levels decrease and there is a de-escalation of pandemic response measures.

Read the HillStudy: Pandemic Influenza (2021)


Graphs and charts

Deceased Organ Donor Rate, PMP, and Consent Regime, 2019

This graph shows the 2019 deceased donor rate in several countries in descending order and indicates whether countries operate under a presumed or explicit system. Spain, with presumed consent has the highest rate at 49 donors per million, followed by the United States, under explicit consent at almost 37 donors per million. Canada’s rate was 21.8 donors per million.

Potential Deceased Donors as a Proportion of Total Annual Deaths.

Only a small proportion of individuals who die can be considered as potential organ donors after applying various criteria, regardless of the consent approach.

Read the HillNote: Consent for Organ Donation in Canada (2021)


%d bloggers like this: