Official languages: modernizing the regulatory framework

(Disponible en français : Les langues officielles : vers une modernisation du cadre réglementaire) Renewed focus on the offer of services in French across Canada Clearly the past 15 months saw an unprecedented renewal of focus on the offer of French-language services across Canada. In October 2015, for the first time in its history, the…

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The Counter-Terrorism Framework in Canada

Canada is not immune to terrorism. According to Global Affairs Canada, a number of international and domestic terrorist groups are present in Canada. Some are engaged in terrorist activity here, while others are active beyond our border. Canada has a number of tools that respond to several different terrorist threats. These tools range from community…

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Sentencing and the Administration of Sentences: Recent Developments (2011-2015)

Sentencing tools were much in the spotlight as the Canadian Government continued to promote law-and-order legislation during the 41st Parliament. New mandatory minimum sentences were among reforms to the sentencing regime introduced during the past four years. Other reforms included the enhancement of victim rights, the creation of specific offences and risk management measures, as…

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Computer Privacy and Security: Lawful and Unlawful Access

Canadians increasingly store or access personal information on their computers and mobile devices, much of which can be accessed by others, whether lawfully or not. Cybercrime, or computer crime, is also increasing. As technology advances, cybercriminals are using more sophisticated methods that make it easier for them to avoid detection. The challenge for lawmakers has…