First Nations

Executive Summary – Understanding Federal Jurisdiction and First Nations

Reading Time: < 1 minute Disponible en français. Under section 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867, the federal government has exclusive legislative authority for “Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians.” This responsibility, however, often overlaps with that of the provinces, whose authority extends to areas such as child welfare, education and policing. While “Indians” means all Indigenous peoples for the purpose of section 91(24),… Read More ›

Indigenous Peoples: Terminology Guide

Reading Time: 5 minutes (Disponible en français : Peuples autochtones : guide terminologique) For centuries, the original inhabitants of the Americas have been largely defined by others, beginning with the misapplication of the term “Indian” by Christopher Columbus to describe the various peoples of… Read More ›