Understanding Precarious Work in Canada

(Disponible en français : Le travail précaire au Canada) The world of work is constantly changing. Full-time positions with job security that were commonplace in previous generations are being replaced by precarious arrangements that have no benefits, fewer protections and lower pay. There is no universally accepted definition for precarious work, since precarious work is…

Biannual Update on The Canadian Economy: Third and Fourth Quarters of 2019

(Disponible en français : Bilan semestriel de l’économie canadienne : les troisième et quatrième trimestres de 2019) This HillNote presents selected indicators in relation to the Canadian economy, and highlights key trends covering the third and fourth quarters of 2019. Over that period, Canadian real gross domestic product (GDP) continued to grow, but at a lower rate…

The State of Financial Literacy in Canada: How Much Do We Know?

(Disponible en français : État de la littératie financière au Canada : que savons-nous exactement?) Financial literacy includes the knowledge, skills and confidence people need to make informed choices about money. It enables Canadians to monitor and improve their personal finances. By exercising good financial practices, such as setting aside money for retirement, Canadians also…

Precarious Employment in Canada: An Overview

Note: This publication was updated in December, 2020: Understanding Precarious Work in Canada (Disponible en français : Emploi précaire au Canada : un survol de la situation) What is precarious employment? Simply put, precarious employment is a “bad job”. However, problems arise when we try to define and measure more precisely the characteristics that constitute…

Picture of the Canadian mosaic

Diversity in Canada: Evolving patterns in immigration

(Disponible en français : La diversité au Canada : évolution des tendances en matière d’immigration) Immigration has played an increasingly critical role in the shaping of Canada’s population. A variety of factors, including policy developments, have led to important changes in the composition of the immigrant population over time. As a result, the nation’s linguistic…