Executive Summary – Sport Canada and the Public Policy Framework for Participation and Excellence in Sport

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Sport Canada et l’encadrement public de la participation et de l’excellence sportives) This document provides an overview of the programs and initiatives implemented by Sport Canada. The Physical Activity and Sport Act (PASA) defines Canada’s objectives for sport, such as increasing participation in the practice of sport and supporting the…

Executive Summary – Climate Change: Impact and Policy Implications

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les changements climatiques : Leurs répercussions et leur incidence sur les politiques) Unprecedented global warming has been observed in recent decades. Around the world, mean air and water temperatures have increased, amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea levels have risen. Canada is no exception: our mean…

Freedom of Expression – A Continuing Debate

(Disponible en français : La liberté d’expression : un débat qui se poursuit) “Everyone has the … freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication.” – Section (2b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Freedom of Expression The constitutional right to expression is a…

Executive Summary – The World Trade Organization: Selected Challenges and Canada’s Priorities

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Organisation mondiale du commerce : Défis choisis et priorités du Canada) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is currently facing challenges relating to its executive, legislative, monitoring and adjudicative functions. As a founding member of the WTO, Canada has a number of reform proposals that are designed to address these…

Taming State Surveillance: Reconciling Camera Surveillance Technology with Human Rights Obligations

(Disponible en français : Encadrer la surveillance exercée par les États : Concilier l’utilisation des technologies de vidéosurveillance avec les obligations en matière de respect des droits de la personne) Centralized state camera surveillance is but one component of a burgeoning practice of personal data collection paired with artificial intelligence (AI). Camera surveillance is not…

Executive Summary – How Do Digital Multinationals Legally Avoid Tax in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Comment les multinationales du numérique échappent-elles légalement à l’impôt au Canada?) According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), multinational enterprises are using increasingly aggressive practices to reduce the amount of tax they have to pay, and some of them are creating off-shore subsidiaries or shell companies.…