Executive Summary – Nuclear Energy and Radioactive Waste Management in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’énergie nucléaire et la gestion des déchets radioactifs au Canada) Nuclear energy is used by about 30 countries around the world, including Canada, and provides just over 10% of the world’s electricity. However, producing this energy generates radioactive waste with no foreseeable use and with a radioactive lifespan that…

5G Technology: Opportunities, Challenges and Risks

(Disponible en français : La technologie 5G : Possibilités, défis et risques) Wireless technologies have made significant strides in recent decades. The first generation (paging services) was followed by the second and third generations (voice and messaging services and Internet access), and then by the fourth generation (4G or Long Term Evolution [LTE]) with video…

Executive Summary – The Distribution of Legislative Powers: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Le partage des compétences législatives : un aperçu) The distribution of legislative powers among the various levels of government is a key feature of federalism. To guide this distribution, the Constitution Act, 1867 divides legislative powers between the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures. Most of these powers…

Executive Summary – Global Marine Plastic Pollution: Sources, Solutions and Canada’s Role

(Disponible en français : Résumé – La pollution plastique des océans dans le monde : les sources, les solutions et le rôle du Canada) Plastics have become ubiquitous throughout the global economy and in our daily lives as a result of their useful properties and low cost. At the same time, the durability of plastics…

Executive Summary – Assisted Dying in Canada After Carter v. Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’aide médicale à mourir au Canada après l’arrêt Carter c. Canada) In February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) (the Carter decision), an important decision about the law on assisted dying. The law had been unsuccessfully challenged twenty years earlier at the Supreme Court in Rodriguez v. British…

Executive Summary – Medical Assistance in Dying: The Law in Selected Jurisdictions Outside Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Aide médicale à mourir : la législation dans certains États à l’extérieur du Canada) Over the last decades, movements have arisen in several jurisdictions around the world to legalize medical assistance in dying. Until recently, only a few jurisdictions permitted medical assistance in dying, including Oregon, Washington State, Vermont, the Benelux…