Executive Summary – Services for Indigenous People Living in Urban Areas

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Services destinés aux autochtones vivant en milieu urbain) Over the past 70 years, growing numbers of Indigenous people in Canada have moved to urban centres. Today, more than half of the Indigenous population live in urban areas. Indigenous people may move permanently or temporarily to the city to access…

Inequities in COVID-19 Health Outcomes: The Need for Race- and Ethnicity-Based Data

8 December 2020, 8:50 a.m. (Disponible en français : Inégalités des répercussions en santé de la COVID‑19 : besoin de données sur la race et l’ethnie) For Indigenous peoples, Black Canadians and other racialized groups, race and racism are important social determinants of health. Social determinants of health may contribute to negative health outcomes or…

Employment Equity in Canada’s Federal Public Service

(Disponible en français : L’équité en matière d’emploi dans la fonction publique fédérale du Canada) Employment Equity: The Legal Framework The federal public service strives to achieve employment equity in its workforce; that is, it aims to correct disadvantages that particular groups face in employment. As the largest employer in Canada, the public service’s employment…

Executive Summary – Food Insecurity in Northern Canada: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’insécurité alimentaire dans le Nord canadien : aperçu) Food insecurity is generally defined as a situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food. In 2017–2018, 12.7% of Canadian households were food insecure, representing at least 4.4 million individuals. Food insecurity is disproportionately…

Resilience on Screen – Contributions of First Nations, Inuit and Métis filmmakers

(Disponible en français : Résilience à l’écran ­­– L’apport des cinéastes inuits, métis et des Premières Nations) In Canada, June 21 is National Indigenous Peoples Day. Across the country, communities hold events to celebrate Indigenous cultures and contributions. This HillNote showcases the work of First Nations, Inuit and Métis filmmakers and their initiatives to create…

Inuit Nunangat and COVID-19

26 May 2020, 11 a.m. (Disponible en français : L’Inuit Nunangat et la COVID-19) Key factors that influence health and wellbeing may make Inuit more susceptible to COVID-19 and more likely to experience severe forms of the illness. This HillNote provides information about access to health care, recent federal funding, and Indigenous communities’ responses to…

Indigenous Peoples: Terminology Guide

(Disponible en français : Peuples autochtones : guide terminologique) For centuries, the original inhabitants of the Americas have been largely defined by others, beginning with the misapplication of the term “Indian” by Christopher Columbus to describe the various peoples of these continents. Today, as attitudes toward the First Peoples of what is now known as…

Federal Measures Related to Pandemic Planning and First Nations Communities

21 April 2020, 9 a.m. (Disponible en français : Mesures fédérales concernant la planification de la lutte contre la pandémie dans les communautés des Premières Nations) Indigenous people are disproportionately affected negatively by factors that influence health and well-being, known as the determinants of health, such as overcrowded and mouldy housing, poverty, unsafe drinking water…