Executive Summary – Nuclear Energy and Radioactive Waste Management in Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’énergie nucléaire et la gestion des déchets radioactifs au Canada) Nuclear energy is used by about 30 countries around the world, including Canada, and provides just over 10% of the world’s electricity. However, producing this energy generates radioactive waste with no foreseeable use and with a radioactive lifespan that…

New Rights for Canada’s Air Passengers

(Disponible en français : Nouveaux droits des passagers aériens au Canada) There have been many media reports in recent years about the plight of Canadian airline passengers being denied boarding, having their flights delayed or cancelled, or having to wait hours on the airport tarmac before takeoff. These reports suggest that passengers are often unsure…

5G Technology: Opportunities, Challenges and Risks

(Disponible en français : La technologie 5G : Possibilités, défis et risques) Wireless technologies have made significant strides in recent decades. The first generation (paging services) was followed by the second and third generations (voice and messaging services and Internet access), and then by the fourth generation (4G or Long Term Evolution [LTE]) with video…

Executive Summary – The Distribution of Legislative Powers: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Le partage des compétences législatives : un aperçu) The distribution of legislative powers among the various levels of government is a key feature of federalism. To guide this distribution, the Constitution Act, 1867 divides legislative powers between the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures. Most of these powers…

Ghost Fishing Gear: A Major Source of Marine Plastic Pollution

(Disponible en français : Engins de pêche fantômes : une source majeure de pollution marine par le plastique) Plastic pollution in marine environments is a global problem of increasing concern. Commercial fishing activities represent one of the main sources of ocean-based plastic pollution, along with shipping operations. The fishing industry uses large quantities of fishing gear…

Pesticide Registration in Canada

(Disponible en français : L’homologation des pesticides au Canada) Pesticides – or pest control products – are substances used to control living organisms that are considered harmful. For this reason, these substances can sometimes pose health and environmental risks. In Canada, pesticide use is subject to a registration process to mitigate those risks. How are…

Executive Summary – Assisted Dying in Canada After Carter v. Canada

(Disponible en français : Résumé – L’aide médicale à mourir au Canada après l’arrêt Carter c. Canada) In February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released Carter v. Canada (Attorney General) (the Carter decision), an important decision about the law on assisted dying. The law had been unsuccessfully challenged twenty years earlier at the Supreme Court in Rodriguez v. British…