Executive Summary – Resettling Refugees: Canada’s Humanitarian Commitments

Disponible en français. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that more than 1.44 million refugees are currently in need of resettlement to a third country. These are refugees who, according to the UNHCR, can neither return to their country of origin nor integrate into their country of first asylum. A total of…

Executive Summary – Overview of the Canada–United States Safe Third Country Agreement

Disponible en français. Refugees are people who flee their countries because of a well-founded fear of persecution. Once refugees arrive in another country and seek asylum, international law protects them from being sent back to face serious threats. Of course, not all asylum claims are successful. Some asylum seekers may not meet the legal definition of…

Canada’s Federal Anti-Racism Strategy: An Overview

(Disponible en français : Aperçu de la stratégie fédérale canadienne de lutte contre le racisme) In many countries around the globe, including Canada, recent movements to recognize and address racial injustices and discrimination have led to increased examination of government efforts to combat racism. This HillNote provides an overview of the federal government’s anti-racism strategy…

Socially Responsible Purchasing by Canada’s Federal Government

(Disponible en français : Approvisionnement socioresponsable du gouvernement du Canada) Introduction Every year, the Government of Canada spends tens of billions of dollars on procurement—that is, its purchase of goods and services. These expenses cover the needs that the federal government cannot meet with its existing employees, goods or property, and can include anything from…

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Rights of Persons with Disabilities

2 July 2020, 11:45 a.m. (Disponible en français : La pandémie de COVID-19 et les droits des personnes handicapées) The COVID-19 pandemic presents multiple risks to the rights and wellbeing of persons with disabilities. Approximately 6.2 million Canadians over the age of 15 live with one or more disabilities. Although definitions vary, the Accessible Canada…

LGBTQ2* Refugees in Canada

(Disponible en français : Les réfugiés LGBTQ2* au Canada) *This note uses the preferred Canadian acronym LGBTQ2 (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and two-spirited) to refer to individuals and organizations in domestic contexts, and the preferred international acronym LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) for those in international contexts. This publication summarizes human rights…

Challenges Regarding Freedom of Expression and Access to Information During a Pandemic: International and Domestic Perspectives

27 April 2020, 9:15 a.m. (Disponible en français : Défis associés à la liberté d’expression et à l’accès à l’information en temps de pandémie : points de vue national et international) Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart…

Executive Summary – Climate Change: Impact and Policy Implications

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les changements climatiques : Leurs répercussions et leur incidence sur les politiques) Unprecedented global warming has been observed in recent decades. Around the world, mean air and water temperatures have increased, amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea levels have risen. Canada is no exception: our mean…

Freedom of Expression – A Continuing Debate

(Disponible en français : La liberté d’expression : un débat qui se poursuit) “Everyone has the … freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication.” – Section (2b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Freedom of Expression The constitutional right to expression is a…

Human Rights in Emergency Situations

1 April 2020, 2 p.m. (Disponible en français : Le respect des droits de la personne dans les situations d’urgence) In addition to obligations during peacetime, States have duties to respect and ensure human rights during wartime and national emergencies. In situations that represent a severe threat to a nation, however, the International Covenant on Civil…