Socially Responsible Purchasing by Canada’s Federal Government

(Disponible en français : Approvisionnement socioresponsable du gouvernement du Canada) Introduction Every year, the Government of Canada spends tens of billions of dollars on procurement—that is, its purchase of goods and services. These expenses cover the needs that the federal government cannot meet with its existing employees, goods or property, and can include anything from…

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Rights of Persons with Disabilities

2 July 2020, 11:45 a.m. (Disponible en français : La pandémie de COVID-19 et les droits des personnes handicapées) The COVID-19 pandemic presents multiple risks to the rights and wellbeing of persons with disabilities. Approximately 6.2 million Canadians over the age of 15 live with one or more disabilities. Although definitions vary, the Accessible Canada…

LGBTQ2* Refugees in Canada

(Disponible en français : Les réfugiés LGBTQ2* au Canada) *This note uses the preferred Canadian acronym LGBTQ2 (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and two-spirited) to refer to individuals and organizations in domestic contexts, and the preferred international acronym LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) for those in international contexts. This publication summarizes human rights…

Challenges Regarding Freedom of Expression and Access to Information During a Pandemic: International and Domestic Perspectives

27 April 2020, 9:15 a.m. (Disponible en français : Défis associés à la liberté d’expression et à l’accès à l’information en temps de pandémie : points de vue national et international) Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart…

Executive Summary – Climate Change: Impact and Policy Implications

(Disponible en français : Résumé – Les changements climatiques : Leurs répercussions et leur incidence sur les politiques) Unprecedented global warming has been observed in recent decades. Around the world, mean air and water temperatures have increased, amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea levels have risen. Canada is no exception: our mean…

Freedom of Expression – A Continuing Debate

(Disponible en français : La liberté d’expression : un débat qui se poursuit) “Everyone has the … freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication.” – Section (2b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Freedom of Expression The constitutional right to expression is a…

Human Rights in Emergency Situations

1 April 2020, 2 p.m. (Disponible en français : Le respect des droits de la personne dans les situations d’urgence) In addition to obligations during peacetime, States have duties to respect and ensure human rights during wartime and national emergencies. In situations that represent a severe threat to a nation, however, the International Covenant on Civil…

Taming State Surveillance: Reconciling Camera Surveillance Technology with Human Rights Obligations

(Disponible en français : Encadrer la surveillance exercée par les États : Concilier l’utilisation des technologies de vidéosurveillance avec les obligations en matière de respect des droits de la personne) Centralized state camera surveillance is but one component of a burgeoning practice of personal data collection paired with artificial intelligence (AI). Camera surveillance is not…

Renewed International Solidarity: The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

(Disponible en français : Une nouvelle solidarité internationale : la Déclaration de New York pour les réfugiés et les migrants) The United Nations (UN) reports that, between 2000 and 2017, the total number of people moving internationally and living in a country other than their country of birth rose from 173 to 258 million, a 49%…

A Human Rights Approach to Climate Change: What Is the State of the Law in Canada?

(Disponible en français : Les changements climatiques du point de vue des droits de la personne : que dit le droit canadien?) Human rights-based cases challenging governments for insufficient action on climate change are on the rise worldwide. More than 20 cases spanning six continents are being argued in domestic courts and regional tribunals. Many have…