Taming State Surveillance: Reconciling Camera Surveillance Technology with Human Rights Obligations

(Disponible en français : Encadrer la surveillance exercée par les États : Concilier l’utilisation des technologies de vidéosurveillance avec les obligations en matière de respect des droits de la personne) Centralized state camera surveillance is but one component of a burgeoning practice of personal data collection paired with artificial intelligence (AI). Camera surveillance is not…

5G Technology: Opportunities, Challenges and Risks

(Disponible en français : La technologie 5G : Possibilités, défis et risques) Wireless technologies have made significant strides in recent decades. The first generation (paging services) was followed by the second and third generations (voice and messaging services and Internet access), and then by the fourth generation (4G or Long Term Evolution [LTE]) with video…

Net Neutrality in Canada

(Disponible en français : La neutralité du Net au Canada) The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC or the Commission) defines net neutrality as the general principle that “all traffic on the Internet should be given equal treatment by” Internet service providers (ISPs). The Commission’s net neutrality policy specifically rests on sections 27(2) and 36…

Issues and Concerns Related to Digital Currencies

(Disponible en français : Enjeux et préoccupations liés aux monnaies numériques) This HillNote is the second of three on the topic of digital currencies. Part 1 of the series dealt with the taxation and regulation of digital currencies and part 3 will discuss blockchain technology and its various applications. A.      The Hype Recent media…

Understanding Artificial Intelligence – Canadian Perspectives

(Disponible en français : Comprendre l’intelligence artificielle – Perspectives canadiennes) Artificial intelligence (AI) is changing the way we live, work, and play. This transformative technology can affect manufacturing, transportation, national security, the delivery of health care and other public or private services. Stemming from ongoing AI research, current developments include predictive analytics, natural language processing (understanding…

Girls and Women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

(Disponible en français: Les filles et les femmes dans les domaines de la science, de la technologie, du génie et des mathématiques) In recognition of International Day of the Girl, celebrated each year on October 11th, this HillNote explores the participation of girls and women in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics, commonly…

Wireless and Wifi icons

Changes in the Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Sector

(Disponible en français : Évolution du secteur canadien des télécommunications sans fil) In 1993, the last year there was a major revision of the Telecommunications Act, telecommunications consisted mostly of voice communication over landlines. At that time, revenue for wireless communications amounted to just over 6% of the revenue for landline (or wireline) communications; today,…

Part II: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: Assessment of Potential Technologies

(Disponible en français : Partie II : La sécurité internationale de l’approvisionnement en isotopes médicaux : Évaluation des technologies potentielles) (This is the second in a series of two HillNotes on The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply. Part one explores progress in Canada and abroad.) The main technology options available to produce molybdenum-99 (99Mo)…